Unreliability of Radiometric Dating and Old Age of the Earth Unreliability of Radiometric Dating and Old Age of the Earth

What is radiometric dating and relative dating, the chemical analysis of rocks and minerals

Experimental study of rocks

Indeed, there are a number of conditions on the reliability of radiometric dating. A number of recent lava flows within the past few hundred years yield potassium-argon ages in the hundreds of thousands of years range.

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Thus we can get an apparent correlation of different methods without much of a real correlation in nature. While the uranium-lead system can measure intervals in the millions of years generally without problems from the intermediate isotopes, those intermediate isotopes with the longest half-lives span long enough time intervals for dating events less than several hundred thousand years ago.

One way is to find yearly layers that are produced over longer periods of time than tree rings.

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Thus we have another source of error for K-Ar dating. All of the different dating methods agree--they agree a great majority of the time over millions of years of time.

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These trees grow in a very dry region near the California-Nevada border. Both facts will tend to produce artificially high K-Ar ages in these flows which will not be seen in modern lava flows in the same manner. There is no way to correct for this natural isotopic variation since there is no way to determine it.

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Most of the early attempts were based on rates of deposition, erosion, and other geological processes, which yielded uncertain time estimates, but which clearly indicated Earth history was at least million or more years old. The earthquake foci outline the mid-oceanic ridges in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans where the plates separate, while around the margins of the Pacific where the plates converge, they lie in a dipping plane, or Benioff zone, that defines the position of the subducting plate boundary to depths of about kilometres.

Circular Reasoning or Reliable Tools?

However, this statistical likelihood is not assumed, it is tested, usually by using other methods e. It is clear that mixing of pre-existent materials will yield a linear array of isotopic ratios.

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Therefore, my main concern is with rocks of the Cambrian periods and later. It will be covered in more detail below. As the gas bubble explodes, its enclosed argon will be rushing outward along with these tiny bubbles as they cool.

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Ground-water and erosional water movements could produce this effect naturally. This document is partly based on a prior posting composed in reply to Ted Holden.

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If they contained a hundred times more excess argon, their K-Ar ages would be a hundred times greater, I suppose. If a rock dates too old, one can say that the clock did not get reset. This is the inevitable nature of rocks that have experienced millions of years of history: Furthermore, some elements in the earth are too abundant to be explained by radioactive decay in 4.

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Heating and deformation of rocks can cause these atoms to migrate, and water percolating through the rocks can transport these substances and redeposit them.