KCPC Education Resource Web Site: Case Study 2: Bakelite Synthesis KCPC Education Resource Web Site: Case Study 2: Bakelite Synthesis

Bakelite synthesis. Laboratory synthesis of bakelite - a k12 chemistry project | hubpages

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For general molded parts, wood flour was preferred, but, where heat resistance, impact strength, or electrical properties were involved, other fillers such as cotton flock, asbestosand chopped fabric were used.

It sets on heating and cannot be re-softened. Thermosetting resins such as Bakelite required heat and pressure during the molding cycle, but could be removed from the molding process without being cooled, again making the molding process faster.

It is not flexible.

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In a plastics market virtually monopolized by celluloida highly flammable material that dissolved readily and softened with heat, Bakelite found ready acceptance because it could be made insoluble and infusible. It can be molded very quickly, decreasing production time.

Bakelite was particularly suitable for the emerging electrical and automobile industries because of its extraordinarily high resistance to electricity, heat Executive dating services johannesburg chemical action.

Important Precautions - Be sure to wear safety goggles and a lab coat at all times in the laboratory. Phenol is toxic via skin contact. Good mechanical and electrical strength. Bakelite or Phenol-formaldehyde is used for making TV cabinets, housing laminates, telephone components, decorative articles, bearings, electrical goods, etc.

PF resin Bakelite, trademark of phenol-formaldehyde resin, trademarked synthetic resin invented in by Belgian-born American chemist Leo Hendrik Baekeland. Formalin is an irritant to the skin, eyes, and mucous membranes. Bakelite is still commonly used for dominoesmah-jongg tiles, checkersand chess pieces.

As the point of polymerization approached a white precipitate was formed which is insoluble in the concentrated acid. When heat and pressure are applied, polymerization transforms the layers into thermosetting industrial laminated plastic.

This made it the first truly synthetic resin, representing a significant advance over earlier plastics that were based on modified natural materials. Bakelite continues to be used for wire insulation, brake pads and related automotive components, and industrial electrical-related applications.

Performers such as Jerry Byrd loved the tone of Bakelite guitars but found them difficult to keep in tune. It is also resistant to electricity, and prized for its low conductivity.


Baekeland was able to stop the reaction while the resin was still in a liquid statewhich he called the A stage. Old tumbler switch made up of Bakelit During World War II, Bakelite was used in a variety of wartime equipment including pilot's goggles and field telephones.

It is known for its electrically non-conductive and heat-resistant properties in radio and telephone casings and electrical insulators, and was used in diverse products such as kitchenware, jewellery, pipe stems, and children's toys.

Owing to the inclusion of fillers and reinforcement, Bakelite products were almost always opaque and dark-coloured.

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Bakelite stock is still manufactured and produced in sheet, rod and tube form for industrial applications in the electronics, power generation and aerospace industries, and under a variety of commercial brand names.

In the s it was widely used in knobs, dials, circuitry panels, and even cabinets for radios, and it was also employed in the electrical systems of automobiles.

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About 10 mL of concentrated hydrochloric acid, was added dropwise, with constant stirring. In the Bakelite patent expired. Because of its excellent insulating Bakelite synthesis, Bakelite was also the first commercially produced synthetic resin, replacing shellac and hard rubber in parts for the electric power industry as well as in home appliances.

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Moldings are smooth, retain their shape and are resistant to heat, scratches, and destructive solvents. In Baekeland made the first public announcement of his invention, in a lecture before the New York section of the American Chemical Society.

The reaction is extremely fast and the heat of reaction is high.

Preparation of Bakelite

They still appear in some applications where their specific properties are required, such as small precision-shaped components, molded disc brake cylinders, saucepan handles, electrical plugs, switches and parts for electrical irons, [62] as well as in the area of inexpensive board and tabletop games produced in China, Hong Kong and India.

It was developed in by Westinghouse Elec. A hard, infusible, and chemically resistant plasticBakelite was based on a chemical combination of phenol and formaldehyde phenol-formaldehyde resintwo compounds that were derived from coal tar and wood alcohol methanolrespectively, at that time.

It was Baekeland who succeeded in controlling the phenol-formaldehyde condensation reaction to produce the first synthetic resin. Bakelite synthesis is listed as a carcinogen.

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